河南体彩网

河南体彩网阿爾卑斯山谷中的禮拜堂,奧地利 / IMA

案例 2017年06月30日河南体彩网

山間瑰寶。

項目

?設計公司:?位置:?類型:?材料:

生活在奧地利西部阿爾卑斯山谷中的當地人以放牧為生,在溫暖的季節里,牧民把牲畜放到山間吃草。這里矮一些的草被當地人稱為Vors??,而生長在溫暖季節中的高一些的草叫做Alpe。Wirmboden就是其中一種矮草,它由當地牧民種植于Kanisfluh山谷的北面。幾乎每一處種植Vors??田地都有自己的禮拜堂,或一些特殊的標志性建筑來慶賀這種傳統植物對農業及畜牧業的貢獻。32年前,Wirmboden曾有一座小型的禮拜堂,但在2012年,一次雪崩毀滅了這里的禮拜堂和一些棚屋。災后的首要任務是棚屋修建,但對于禮拜堂的重修則面臨著種種問題。禮拜堂重修項目由村民聯合發起,隨著大家的意見不一,重修的最大困難便成為協調村民之間的各種分歧,似乎永遠不可能建造出令所有人滿意的建筑。

河南体彩网▼禮拜堂外觀,the front view

In the Bregenzerwald, an alpine valley in Western Austria, transhumance is still the commonly practised form of farming: Livestock is driven to graze on mountain pastures in the warmer months. The lower ones of these pastures are called Vors?? while the higher ones, used in the warmest summer months, are called Alpe.?Wirmboden is a Vors?? at the foot of the steep north face of the valley’s Kanisfluh mountain, owned and managed by a collective of farmers. Almost every Vors?? has its own little chapel or at least some designated space for the celebration of masses and the traditional consecration of the farmers and their livestock.?For 32 years there was a little chapel at Wirmboden, but in 2012, the chapel and several huts were destroyed by an avalanche. While it was clear from the beginning that the huts would be rebuilt, it was more challenging to find a consensus on the construction of a new chapel. With the client being a collective of farmers, each with their own, differing opinion, the difficulties were not so much of architectural but rather of interpersonal nature. Finding a solution that would make everyone happy seemed impossible in the beginning.

河南体彩网▼當地環境,the site

如今,歷經三年的協調,思考,規劃,平均每平方米耗時6個月,這棟Wirmboden禮拜堂終于落成,并融合了所有人的需求。這座山頂禮拜堂讓山谷村落更加傳統和完整,村民們在此聚會,歡慶,禱告,享受平靜的生活。

?So what we see now at Wirmboden is a symbol for the collective spirit of this very diverse group of people. It was them who negotiated, conceived, planned, and eventually built this chapel over the course of three years – that’s 6 months for every square meter of floor space in the building. Today, the mountain chapel complements the ensemble of alpine huts most naturally; it became the place where neighbours meet casually, where gatherings and celebrations are held, where people come to take a moment and pray.?

河南体彩网▼禮拜堂于棚屋中而立,the chapel among the huts

▼教堂采用原始的建筑形態,the chapel refers to the?most original form of sacred buildings

河南体彩网這棟新型的禮拜堂遵循極簡的設計原則,呼應了最原始的宗教建筑形態,強調了建筑的特殊身份。禮拜堂采用當地石材及混凝土建造,粗糙的木瓦條覆蓋了陡峭的桁架,狹窄的木質入口引人進入建筑。

The simple, basic outline of the new chapel refers to the most original form of sacred buildings and highlights the characteristics of this special place and its use. According to tradition, the walls are made from stones collected around the place and tamped concrete. Rough split shingles cover the steep truss, and a narrow wooden entry leads into the small oratory.?

▼教堂采用當地石材及混凝土作為材料,the walls are made from stones collected around the place and tamped concrete

河南体彩网禮拜堂內部簡單而低調,是當地人慶典集會的首選之地。漫反射的日光通過屋頂及立面不銹鋼開口灑落在屋內泛起淡藍色的光亮,營造出優雅而冥想的氛圍。紀念照片放置在椽子之間的狹窄空間,來表達對逝者的懷念之情。入口處桁架及上方的鐘樓由德國云杉制成,這種云杉木聲學效果極好,常用作小提琴及吉他的制作材料。

With its simple and humble interior, the chapel is first and foremost a place of commemoration and reflection. Diffuse daylight falls through an opening in the roof ridge in blasted stainless steel to play with the light blue altar window, creating an ethereal, contemplative atmosphere. Memorial photo cards are placed in the narrow spaces between rafters, commemorating loved ones of the Wirmboden people. Entrance, truss and the bell space above the entrance are made from German spruce (sometimes called hazel spruce), a type of wood that is normally used for violins and guitars for its special acoustic qualities.

▼低調的教堂內部, simple and humble interior

▼屋頂的自然光,the natural light from the roof

▼教堂采用聲學效果極高的木材,the wood is from a type with special acoustic qualities

禮拜堂的落成離不開所有人的共同努力,項目實施的整個過程也沒有施工方的協助。全民參與讓禮拜堂變為所有人的滿意成果,也令其成為山中瑰寶。

Thanks to practical contributions by almost every single member of the Wirmboden collective, the new chapel was built without any help from third parties. Everyone’s participation made possible what seemed impossible in the beginning – making (almost) everyone happy with the result: A gem in the mountains.

▼立面圖,elevation

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▼剖面圖,section

▼結構分析圖,structure diagram

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